Wednesday, December 25, 2019

William Blake s The Lamb And The Tyger - 1493 Words

In 18th Century Britain, the poets of what became known as the Romantic Period sought to communicate truth in a world where the lofty ideals of The Enlightenment were evaporating to reveal the harsh realities of a society that favored material progress over spiritual progress. In so doing, these poets embraced and drew inspiration from the beauties and mysteries of nature in attempts to draw parallels between the truths they found there and the inner experience of Mankind. Counted among the several writers who recorded their artistic and emotional responses to the natural world, William Blake explores the concept of life’s dualities and how this concept applied to life in 18th Century Britain, as well as to the relationship between the body and spirit, in his most popular works, Songs of Innocence and of Experience: Showing the Two Contrary States of the Human Soul (1794). Two standout poems, â€Å"The Lamb† and â€Å"The Tyger,† respectively taken from Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience, demonstrate Blake’s meditation on how innocence and experience in life create a binary and complementary relationship that is observable in our outer world as well as in our inner being. As one of the titles in his Songs of Innocence, William Blake chooses the lamb, naturally gentle and docile, as a representative of the concept of innocence. In Blake’s poem, a child shepherd addresses the lamb, identifying early its â€Å"clothing of delight,† and its â€Å"tender voice/Making all the vales rejoice†Show MoreRelatedWilliam Blake s The Tyger And The Lamb 940 Words   |  4 Pagesthe ages many writers have come and gone, and with them brought many ideas or viewpoints on life and the human soul. Undoubtedly, William Blake was indeed one of those monumental writers who paved the way for new thinking. A thinking of the human soul and two intricate parts that join to fulfill a soul. Both pairs of the soul are illustrated in both The Tyger and The Lamb. Both poems being commonly referred to as staples of poetry, can allude to different ideas. Man believe they deal with the questionsRead MoreWilliam Blake s The Lamb And The Tyger1473 Words   |  6 P agesWhile Blake’s â€Å"The Lamb† and â€Å"The Tyger† contrast each other as the innocence and experiences that happen in the world, they also reflect on how our Creator could create such evil and purity in the same world. The same of Wordsworth’s representation of his past self vs. his present self, both are necessary to understand â€Å"the life of things† more deeply. Innocence is the foundation upon which experience is built meaning that experience and tragic parts of life start from the innocence of a personRead MoreWilliam Blake s The Lamb And The Tyger873 Words   |  4 Pagesdescribed as pure, tender, and innocent. Even in the Holy Bible, lambs are talked about in such high honor that they were even used to be holy sacrifices during biblical times. William Blake describes the young sheep in similar characteristics in the poem â€Å"The Lamb† and â€Å"The Tyger†. A tiger as we know its characteristics to be is fierce and mysterious. Always lurking around, waiting for the perfect opportunity to strike. In William Blake’s two separate poems he ties each of the poems together withRead MoreThe Tyger By William Blake Essay969 Words   |  4 PagesThe Tyger is a six-stanza poem written by an American poet, William Blake. This poem has many interpretation, in a way you could say it is a biblical as well as a symbolic poem, as ‘The Tyger’ is actually the contrast to one of Blake s other poem, The Lamb, both poems are from the book of â€Å"Songs of Innocence and Experience†. If you are familiar with the Christian Bible, it states â€Å"Jesus is the Lamb of God.† The Tyger is comprised of unanswered questions as to who could have created a terrifyingRead MoreThe Lamb and The Tyger by William Blake Essay863 Words   |  4 Pagesin The Lamb and The Tyger by William Blake his idea that there are two different types of people in this world yet we need both for balance. His nex t poem The Chimney Sweeper has many hidden meaning within his poem about his views on society. Then he goes on in his poem titled Infant Sorrow to reveal his thoughts on non-conformists. William Blake makes a different criticism of society in his four poems The Lamb, The Tyger, The Chimney Sweeper and Infant Sorrow. To begin, William Blake uses hisRead More Analysis of The Lamb and The Tyger by William Blake Essay1641 Words   |  7 PagesWilliam Blake was a first generation Romantic poet. Many of his poems were critical of a society who thought themselves to be almost perfect, a society run by, not their own free will, but the use of technology. He wanted people to question what they had always done, and whether it was morally right. He did so by using varying techniques that set up clashes between ideologies and reality. His poems allow us to see into ‘the eternal world of the spirit’ and his dreams of the sacred EnglandRead More The Underlying Message of The Tyger by William Blake Essay1461 Words   |  6 PagesThe Underlying Message of The Tyger by William Blake Blake’s legendary poem â€Å"The Tyger† is deceivingly straightforward. Though Blake uses â€Å"vividly simple language† (Hirsch, 244), the poem requires a deeper understanding from the reader. There are many misconceptions concerning the symbols in â€Å"The Tyger† (specifically the tiger itself). This often leads to confusion concerning the underlying message of the poem. Compared to Blake’s â€Å"meek† and â€Å"mild† lamb, the tiger is hard to accept. It is a symbolRead MoreEssay about Analysis of â€Å"the Tyger† and â€Å"the Lamb†1290 Words   |  6 PagesIn â€Å"The Tyger,† William Blake explains that there is more that meets the eye when one examines the Creator and his creation, the tiger. The character is never defined. All throughout the poem the character questions the Creator of the tiger to determine if the Creator is demonic or godlike. The poem reflects mainly the character’s reaction to the tiger, rather than the tiger ‘s reaction to the world. The character is inquiring about the location of the Creator of the tiger when he says, â€Å" In whatRead MoreWilliam Blakes The Tyger1115 Words   |  5 PagesJacob Lopez Period: 2 English 4 The Tyger Analysis It was said once that â€Å"Who wants flowers when you’re dead? Nobody.† Many times our own misconception can lead us to different perspectives and different point of views that cause a disunity between our ways of thinking. However nothing can be further than the truth and staying true to yourself. As for William Blake this is the exact concept efforted in his poem â€Å"The Tyger† as he introduces the concept of life’s creation and questioning the creatorRead MoreWhitman And Blake Vs. Blake889 Words   |  4 PagesWhitman and Blake both use animals to symbolize humankind’s experience of Nature The theme of the work is â€Å"Whitman and Blake both use animals to symbolize humankind’s experience of Nature†. To begin with I’d like to tell some information about Whitman and Blake’s life and work. Walt Whitman was an American poet, publicist and reformer of the American poetry. Whitman was the singer of the world democracy†, positive sciences, love and the association without social borders. He was also an innovator

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

A Theory of Development of Adult Relationships Essay

Attachment: A Theory of Development of Adult Relationships Kristina Mihajlovic University of Illinois at Chicago As humans, building relationships between others is a form of connecting and communicating. It is a social situation that is experienced every day through the course of a lifetime. The initial relationship that is made is between the mother and the child. This bond that connects two people is known to be called attachment. The theory of attachment begins at birth, and from that, continuing on to other relationships in family, friends, and romance. Attachment is taught through social experiences, however the relationship with the mother and her temperament are the key factors in shaping the infants attachment type, which†¦show more content†¦More common behavior in avoidant men rather than women is the ability to reduce emotions so that anger or hostility is not present in conflict. This is because they are emotionally non-supportive. With anger and hostility there is a sense of involvement which needs support. This is where ambivalent types are shown. When dealing with a maj or problem they tend to show much more emotion and passion; greater anger, stress, and anxiety. After the conflict they see their relationship and partner less positive in terms of commitment, openness with each other, and supportiveness. (Simpson et al., 1996) The fourth (Simpson, Collins, Tran amp; Haydon, 2007) is a longitudinal study that studied participant’s experiences during their periods of critical attachment processes from four different stages; infancy, elementary, adolescence and early adulthood (20-23 years old.) From these attachment experiences, they become characteristics of personality and social development. As with all the other studies, the results seem to go with the same manner; infants who are secure at the beginning of their lives end up being socially apt in elementary school, and have a secure relationship with friends in adolescence. Whereas infants who are insecure, stay with the trend as they grow up. (Simpson et al., 2007) These results stay wi th the core idea of the attachment theory (Bowlby, 1979.) This seems to be the only study that shows earlyShow MoreRelatedAttachment Theory and the Differences in the Development of Social Relationships in Aging Adults2176 Words   |  9 PagesHow the attachment theory accounts for differences in the development of social relationships in aging adults? Name Institution Date How the attachment theory accounts for differences in the development of social relationships in aging adults? The attachment theory is one of the common theories in the specification of child development and growth in the world. Indeed, several influencing factors are concerned with the generation and establishment of the relationship that exists between parentsRead MoreEriksons Psychosocial Theory of Development: Young Adults Essay1494 Words   |  6 PagesEriksons Psychosocial Theory of Development: Young Adults The young adult has numerous stresses placed upon them through the route of development. Erikson has theorised developmental stages of growth into tasks. Of Eriksons theoretical tasks, one task describes the theory of intimacy versus isolation. This task theory can be examined using the normative crisis model. The knowledge of developmental tasks of the young adult can be beneficial to the nurse especially associated with their abilityRead MoreVygotsky s Theory Of Internalisation1709 Words   |  7 Pages Vygotsky also introduced his theory of internalisation, one of the main concepts that differentiated from that of Jean Piaget (Duchesne, S., McMaugh, A. 2016. P.103). The theory of internalisation put forward by Vygotsky is an idea that suggests an individual is able to observe and internalise the ideas and processes of their surroundings as they partake in social interaction defined as, â€Å"new ways of thinking† (Duchesne, S., McMaugh, A.,2016p.103). During social interaction the individualsRead MoreHow Does Attachment Influence The Social And Emotional Development Of The Child? Essay1378 Words   |  6 Pagesand emotional development of the child? A child’s social and emotional development has significant implications for the social functioning of a child throughout their lives, in their education, friendships and employment. A child with poor or social and emotional development are at risk of experiencing poor relationships with peers, academic problems and ca n lead them into involvement in unsociable activities or crime. Research suggests the key to social and emotional development lies in the child’sRead MoreThe Social And Emotional Development Essay1108 Words   |  5 PagesAttachment relationship is important for both child and parents/caregiver to develop because of social and emotional need. A child’s emotional and social development has significant impact for the social function of a child throughout their lives, education, friendships and employment. Research show that a child with no social and emotional development are at very high risk of having poor relationships with peers, academic problems and can lead them into poor decision in life and crime. Many researchesRead MoreAdult Learning Is The Best Known Of These Theoretical Approaches Essay1333 Words   |  6 Pagestheoretical approaches to adult learning which have proved to be beneficial for the research on adult learning. Some of the frameworks have helpe d researchers think about practices across various contexts of adult learning. Andragogy is arguably the best-known of these theoretical approaches. Malcolm Knowles is credited with bringing this framework to attention. Andragogy has been broadly debated by scholars, but still remains one of the most enduring and widely cited theories of adult learning (MerriamRead MoreJean Piaget And Vygotsky s Theory On Children s Cognitive Development1507 Words   |  7 Pagestheir knowledge on children’s cognitive development. Both psychologists had their own vision of what stimulates and helps a child grow. Jean Piaget s theory was shaped through the thinking and understanding of how knowledge is built through a series of four stages; preoperational, sensorimotor, formal operational and concrete operational. He believed that the development was with the child themselves. On the contrary, Lev Vygotsky s theory is shaped through adult social interactions and cultural rolesRead MoreEric Er iksons Theory Of Psychosocial Development827 Words   |  4 Pages Development describes the growth of humans throughout the lifespan, from conception to death. The study of human development helps to understand how and why people change throughout life. This includes all aspects of human growth, including physical, intellectual, language, social and emotional and spiritual development. Development is dynamic, however, the ability to progress to each developmental phase will affect the overall health of the person. Each child is unique and develops at his /herRead MoreHas Anyone Put Any Psychological Thought Into How They1483 Words   |  6 Pagesdedicated their lives to this type of development. Erikson theorists would take a social influence stance, and Piagetian theorists focus on one’s cognition. So, who is right? More knowledge has been obtained to know that human behavior should be social and the need to socialize with other people. Erikson believes this whereas Piaget thought of qualitative thinking that shapes a child. Erikson is mor e influential about identity development because he explains his theory with more stages than Piaget, appropriateRead MoreObservation of Child Growth Essay1435 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction red - Development blue – Conclusion orange Individualism– Giving priority to one’s own goals over group          goals and defining one’s identity in terms of personal attributes          rather than group identification.       For the first time in my life I am being an individualist. I am giving greater priority to my own personal goals. I honestly don’t know what I was thinking changing careers at the age of 42 but I am determined to get my nursing degree. For the next 2 years it will be

Monday, December 9, 2019

Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain

Question: Discuss about the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. Answer: Introduction: According to the law of contract, there is a difference between an offer and invitation to treat. When the offer is accepted, a contract is formed between the parties. An invitation to treat is made to invite offers from the other party. An advertisement is also generally an invitation to treat. The law provides that an invitation to treat cannot be accepted for the purpose of the formation of a valid contract. The leading case in this regard is that of Pharmaceutical Society v Boots Cash Chemists Ltd [1953]. The court held that display of goods does not amount to an offer however it is merely an invitation to treat. The facts of this case are similar to the present problem. In this case also the court stated that the goods that have been displayed on the shelf of a shop together with their price, does not amount to an offer, but they are just an invitation to treat. Another important case is Fisher v Bell (1961). Here, a flick knife was displayed by the defendant is the shop window, along with the price tag. According to a statute, it was an offense to offer the flick knife for sale. However, the court stated that the defendant cannot be convicted as the goods displayed in the shop window is not an offer and they were merely an invitation to treat. In the present case also, Halldora saw some limited edition Grace Hopper Series One pens at the display shelf of Alf bookstore. However, when she brought all the confidence to the sales counter, these sales cashier Eva told her that all the pens have been reserved. As in this case, the display of pens does not amount to an offer, it cannot be accepted by Halldora, and consequently, a contract has not been created between Halldora and Alf Bookstore. Therefore, the action of bringing the pens to the sales counter does not amount to the acceptance of the offer and in this case, there is no contract between Halldora and Alf Bookstore. In the present case, an offer has been made by Halldora to purchase all the 5000 Grace Hopper Series 2 pens on thirty-day credit terms. However, in reply, Deodat stated that they could deliver all the 5000 pens to Halldora for cash on delivery. At the same time, Deodat stated that they will charge 50% more, because Halldora wanted to purchase all the limited edition pens. Halldora did not accept these terms and replied our letter that she was not ready to pay a cent more than the stated price. However, later on she changed her mind and wrote another letter in which she accepted all the terms stated by Deodat. But before receiving this letter, Deodat had already received the letter in which Halldora had rejected the offer. Therefore, they had sold the pens to a competitor of Halldora by the time they receive the second letter of acceptance from Halldora. A leading authority on this subject is Hyde v Wrench (1840). Wrench had made an offer to sell his farm to Hyde for 1200 but he refus ed. Therefore, Wrench wrote a letter to Hyde's agent and offered to sell the farm at a price of 1000. In return, Hyde stated that he was ready to pay 950 for the farm and was not ready to accept the offer made by Wrench. However, later on, Hyde decided to accept the offer. The verdict of the court was that in this case, a binding contract was not formed between the parties. An offer has been made by the defendant, but it was not unconditionally accepted by the other party (Dickinson v Dodds. Dickinson v Dodds, 1876). On the other hand, an offer of his own has been made by the plaintiff. In this way, the plaintiff had rejected the offer that was earlier made by the defendant. Consequently, the plaintiff was not competence to revive the offer made by the defendant. On these grounds, it can be set in the present case that as the offer made by Deodat was rejected by Halldora, just say no for cannot be revived by her and she cannot accept the offer Later on. As a result, a contract is not present between the parties. According to the general rule, under the law of contract, it has been provided that silence cannot be treated as acceptance. The basis of this rule is that the acceptance should take some form of objective manifestation of the intention of the party to whom the offer was made, to accept the terms of agreement. Generally, such intention can be expressed in some form of a positive action. This is for the purpose of making sure that a contract is not enforced against an unwilling party. For example, if it has been written by party A that if it does not hear from party B, it will assume that party B had sold its horse to party A for a price of $600. Later on, this note is seen by B and he is mentally ready to sell the horse for the mentioned price, but could not do so as a result of some mishandling a part of its agent. In such a case, the court will not arrive at the conclusion that the offer has been accepted by B. This is due to the reason that although a mental decision has been made by B to accept the contract, however the fact of the acceptance of the contract was not convey to A. as a result, a binding contract has not been created between the parties and A cannot be allowed to bring the successful claim against B for the breach of contract. It is recognized by the Singapore courts that there are certain circumstances where even silence may result in acceptance. However, it needs to be kept in mind in this regard that were silence can be treated as being acceptance of the offer is still an issue that will be decided by the law on the basis of the given facts of each case. Any conclusion in this regard is not restricted to the above mentioned scenario. The leading authority in this regard is that of Felthouse v Bindley (1862). This is a major case of contract law, in which the rule was provided that one party cannot force an obligation on the other party to expressly reject the offer made by the other party. Sometimes this is also known as the rule that silence may not amount to acceptance. In Felthouse v Bindley, a builder, Felthouse was living in London. He was willing to purchase a particular horse from his nephew, John Felthouse. The nephew wrote a letter after previous discussion regarding the horse. In reply, the uncle stated that, "if I hear no more about him, I consider the horse mind at 30 and 15s. There was no reply from the nephew as he was involved in the auction being held at his farm. He instructed the person who was running the options, William Bindley, that he should not sell that particular horse to any other person. However by accident, Bindley sold the horse to some other person. Under these circumstances, Felthouse sued Bindley for the tort of conversion. For this purpose, it was required that the uncle should establish that the horse was his property and in order to do so, he was required to establish that a valid contract has been created between the parties. On the other hand, it was argued by Bindley that a contract has not been formed as the acc eptance of the offer was never communicated by the nephew to his uncle. While delivering its decision, the court stated that the ownership of the horse has not been transferred to the uncle because in this case the acceptance of the offer was not present. The court stated that the acceptance needs to be clearly communicated, and it cannot be imposed on the other party as a result of the silence of one of the parties. Therefore, the court stated that the uncle did not have any right to compel a sale to silence while the contract would fail only due to repudiation. Therefore even if the nephew was interested in carrying out the sale, his intention was not communicated to his uncle. In the present case also, Halldora had written an e-mail to Erna in which she had stated that if she didn't hear from Erna, she will assume that Erna had agreed to this arrangement. As Erna had not replied to this e-mail, Halldora wants to know if a binding contract has been created between them. In this case, a binding contract has not been created between Halldora and Erna. The reason is that in this case, Erna had not replied to the offer made by Halldora. Hence, there is no acceptance of the offer made by Halldora. As in this case, one of the essential elements necessary for the creation of a valid contract is not present, there is no binding contract. According to the general rule, that is applicable in such cases, if a person owes some money to the other person and agrees to pay a part of this amount in for settlement, the law mentions that the part payment of the debt cannot be treated as good consideration. In return of the promised to forgo the rest of the amount this rule was stated in Pinnel's Case (1602). This rule provides that if A owes $100 to B and B accepts $50 as the final settlement of the debt on the due date, the law does not prevent B from claiming the rest of the amount later on. The reason behind this position of law is that in this case, there is no consideration provided by A big return of the promise made by B to accept the part payment as the full satisfaction of the debt. In this case, A is already bound to pay the full amount under the agreement that is based on the same principle that was provided in Stilk v Myrick (1809). This rule also protects the creditors against the economic duress by the debtors. On the other hand, the agreement to accept part payment will be binding if the debtor had supplied some fresh consideration at the request made by the creditor. Consideration can be provided in case the creditor has agreed to accept part payment at an earlier date as compared to the due date or if the creditor is ready to accept chattel instead of money or the part payment is accepted at a different place, other than the originally specified place. Although the rule provided in Pinnel's case appears to be somewhat harsh, but this rule has been affirmed by the House of Lords and it still represents the current law in Singapore. A parallel decision had been given in Foakes v Beer (1884), where it was held that consideration was not present to accept the part payment of the debt and forgo the interest on the judgment debt. Therefore in the present case, Erna may ask Halldora to pay the rest of the $10,000 on 5th April. The reason is that the promise made by Erna to forgive the remaining $10,000 is not supported by any consideration provided by Halldora. References Dickinson v Dodds (1876) 2 Ch D 463 Felthouse v Bindley (1862) EWHC CP J 35 Fisher v Bell [1961] 1 QB 394 Foakes v Beer (1884) 9 App Cas 605 Hyde v Wrench [1840] EWHC Ch J90 Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain v Boots Cash Chemists (Southern) Ltd [1953] EWCA Civ 6 Pinnel's Case (1602) 5 CoRep 117a Stilk v Myrick [1809] EWHC KB J58

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Stocks Selection Essays - Stock Market, Investment, Valuation

Stocks Selection A lot of attention has been paid to different methods of stock selection. Lately momentum investing has been all the rage, and many have been suggesting that the old methods are no longer valid. But, as we have indicated all along, in the long run, the old rules will apply and those who ignore them may look great for their 15 minutes of fame, but in the end, they ignore the old rules at their peril. Two methods that have stood the test of time are value and growth investing. These are the two methods that we should pay the most attention to. You can use one or the other, or a combination of the two. We should apply both to our decisions, however, in each case we apply them to differing degrees. After all, every stock is an individual and should be treated as such. Normally, a value investor is considered to be someone who tries to find shares that are undervalued, and then buys them for a bargain. The reason for the share being undervalued could be an industry that is not currently popular, some recent bad news or just market neglect. The investor believes that due to this current unpopularity, the shares can be bought at a bargain, and one-day their true value will be realized. The most successful value investors are prepared to wait years for this true value to be realized, as long as they believe that the economic value is still there. Growth investors are investor's who are looking for shares of companies that are growing and expanding. Their belief is that the current price is not that important, as by expanding and growing, these companies are constantly increasing their economic value, which will translate into increase share price. It is often their position that if you wait for a lower price, you may miss the ride, because, as the companies grow, so will their price. Consequently, today's price which may seem high, will be considered a bargain when compared to tomorrow's. The most successful of these investors are also prepared to hold onto a share for a long time. After all, as long as the company is growing, its value should continue to go up. The above two styles both have merit, and when exercised correctly, they also emphasize quality. As indicated above, while it may sound like you can use one of these approaches, or the other, but not the two together, I do not believe this. I think that quality shares can be chosen for a number of reasons, one being growth, but once you have selected a quality share, there is no need to run right out and buy it. The next step should be to value it, to see if it can be purchased for a reasonable price. After all, market hype can cause even the best companies to be overvalued. This is true of all companies, especially fast growing ones. I should point out that this does not mean buying the share at the best price, or the bottom, it means satisfying yourself that the current price is economically justified. If you wait for the bottom, you will miss it nearly every time, or may never invest, as a better price may be coming. This could cause you to miss most of the best opportunities. On the other hand, if you value a share, then you will have the comfort of knowing that you have purchased some economic value, which should eventually be realized. You will not always be right, and your evaluations should be redone fairly regularly, but on the whole, this should add significant stability to your portfolio. Also, when your shares do drop, it will be easier to hold on to them and sleep at night, knowing that your investments still hold true economic value if not market value. Finally, from a purchasing point of view, valuing the shares, makes the decision easier. Presumably, you will be adding to your portfolio over time, so when you have new money to invest, you can review the companies in which you would like to increase your holdings, and add to the ones that are well priced at the time. When it comes to pricing, there are two main approaches. One uses empirical methods that use market prices to calculate ratios. The ratios are then used to determine the reasonableness of the share's price. The other calculates the intrinsic value, by determining the present value of the future cash flows generated by the